What is fuel duty and why is Theresa May set to freeze it? Here's everything you need to know

Theresa May is due to announce a freeze on fuel duty for the ninth year in a row during her speech at the Conservative Party conference.

Wednesday, 3rd October 2018, 11:16 am
Updated Wednesday, 3rd October 2018, 11:18 am

Chancellor Philip Hammond has said the duty freeze comes at a “significant cost to the Exchequer” but that the Government was easing the burden on families.

Here are answers to questions on fuel duty:

What is fuel duty and how much is it?

Fuel duty - as the name suggests - is a tax placed on most fuels, and has stood at 57.95p per litre since the March 2011 budget.

Is that the only tax on fuel?

Value Added Tax - currently at 20% - is then added to the total price at forecourts.

How much does fuel duty bring in for the Treasury?

The Office for Budget Responsibility said it will bring in £28.2 billion in 2018-19, equivalent to £1,000 per household and 3.6% of all income.

How much of the cost of fuel is tax and how has it changed?

According to the RAC Foundation, 59.6% of the pump price of diesel and 61.2% of unleaded is made up of tax. The charity’s data, which runs from 2004, shows this peaked at 77% for unleaded and 75.6% for diesel in that year, and reached a low of 52.9% for diesel and 57.1% for unleaded in 2008.